1947: As the result of generosity of the people of Wootton Bassett and the fact the target figure of £600 was reached in a year, the town’s Welcome Home Committee was able to give the service personnel a reception in the Memorial Institute.

1955: Final plans for the £2m hospital which was to be built in Swindon, was set to include some ideas employed at the US Air Force Hospital, Burderop Park.

1975: Swindon careers officers were becoming concerned over the increasingly difficult task of finding job opportunities for the school leavers, with unemployment figures expected to rise sharply.

2013: Early deaths from cancer across the town were higher than the national average but overall premature mortality rates in the town were much lower, new figures suggested.


1184 BC: Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.

323 BC: Alexander the Great diedin the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon 1509: Henry VIII of England married Catherine of Aragon.

1770: British explorer Captain James Cook ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef.

1907: George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismissedNorthamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total ever in first-class cricket.

1963: Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burned himself with petrol in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.

1987: Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng and Bernie Grant were elected as the first black Parliamentarians in Great Britain.

2001: Timothy McVeigh was executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.


1456: Anne Neville, English wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485).

1776: John Constable, English painter (d. 1837).

1864: Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949).

1910: Jacques Cousteau, French biologist, author, and inventor, co-developed the aqua-lung (d. 1997).

1920: Shelly Manne, American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 1984).

1933: Gene Wilder, American actor, director, and screenwriter.

1947: Richard Palmer-James, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp).


1488: James III of Scotland (b. 1451).

1879: William, Prince of Orange (b. 1840).

1937: R. J. Mitchell, English engineer, designed the Supermarine Spitfire (b. 1895).

1979: John Wayne, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907).

1998: Catherine Cookson, English author (b. 1906).

1999: DeForest Kelley, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920).

2013: Henry Cecil, Scottish-English horse trainer (b. 1943).