1947: As the result of generosity of the people of Wootton Bassett and the fact the target figure of £600 was reached in a year, the town’s Welcome Home Committee was able to give the service personnel a reception in the Memorial Institute.
1955: Final plans for the £2m hospital which was to be built in Swindon, was set to include some ideas employed at the US Air Force Hospital, Burderop Park.
1975: Swindon careers officers were becoming concerned over the increasingly difficult task of finding job opportunities for the school leavers, with unemployment figures expected to rise sharply.
2013: Early deaths from cancer across the town were higher than the national average but overall premature mortality rates in the town were much lower, new figures suggested.
1184 BC: Trojan War: Troy was sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.
323 BC: Alexander the Great diedin the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon 1509: Henry VIII of England married Catherine of Aragon.
1770: British explorer Captain James Cook ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
1907: George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismissedNorthamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total ever in first-class cricket.
1963: Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burned himself with petrol in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
1987: Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng and Bernie Grant were elected as the first black Parliamentarians in Great Britain.
2001: Timothy McVeigh was executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
1456: Anne Neville, English wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485).
1776: John Constable, English painter (d. 1837).
1864: Richard Strauss, German composer and conductor (d. 1949).
1910: Jacques Cousteau, French biologist, author, and inventor, co-developed the aqua-lung (d. 1997).
1920: Shelly Manne, American drummer, composer, and bandleader (d. 1984).
1933: Gene Wilder, American actor, director, and screenwriter.
1947: Richard Palmer-James, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (King Crimson and Supertramp).
1488: James III of Scotland (b. 1451).
1879: William, Prince of Orange (b. 1840).
1937: R. J. Mitchell, English engineer, designed the Supermarine Spitfire (b. 1895).
1979: John Wayne, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1907).
1998: Catherine Cookson, English author (b. 1906).
1999: DeForest Kelley, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1920).
2013: Henry Cecil, Scottish-English horse trainer (b. 1943).